The Russian Research Institute of Economics, Politics and Law in Science and Technology (RIEPL) traces its origins to organizing the Research Institute for National Economy Management at the USSR State Committee for science and technology on 8 October 1970. The creation of the Institute was initiated by the Department for science in the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR. Later, on 10 September 1971, the Institute was renamed into the All-Union Research Institute of Organization and Management (VNIIPOU). The activities of the Institute were aimed at building a nationwide automated system of information collection, planning and national economy management. The driving force behind the creation of the Institute was an outstanding Soviet scientist, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, mathematician and one of the Cybernetics pioneers Viktor Mikhailovich Glushkov. The first director of VNIIPOU from 1971 to 1983 was a prominent scientist in the field of energy, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences and public leader Dmitry G. Zhimerin.
In 1986, in view of increasing need in advanced theoretical foundations, as well as in creating relevant mathematics and computer tools to solve a wide range of problems at intersection of economics, science and technology, the Russian Research Institute of Economic Problems of Science and Technology (VNIIEPRANT) was created by separation from VNIIPOU. The main activity of the Institute was the development of the Comprehensive program of scientific and technological progress for up to 20 years in regard to the formation of the forecast and development strategy of applied science. The Institute was also engaged in the research of national innovation systems of the world, the development of the Russian innovation system, the evaluation of its effectiveness and impact on the socioeconomic development of the country. The main areas of the work were determined by the Chairman of the USSR State Committee for science and technology Guriy I. Marchuk. The first Director of VNIIEPRANT from 1986 to 1989 was Sergey B. Perminov, Doctor of Economics. Earlier, from 1985 to 1986, he headed VNIIPOU, which once again confirms the continuity in the scientific activities of these organizations.
The Russian Research Institute of Economics, Politics and Law in Science and Technology (RIEPL) was established by the order of the Ministry of science and technology of the Russian Federation in January 2000 through the merger and reorganization of the Russian Scientific Research Institute of Economic Problems of Science and Technology and Analytical Center for Scientific and Industrial Policy (AC SIP). From 2000 to 2005 it was headed by Victor V. Cherkasov, Doctor of Engineering.
AC SIP was established as a special unit affiliated with the Presidium of the Soviet Academy of Sciences by the order of the USSR Council of Ministers in 1990. It performed various tasks on scientific and industrial policy entrusted to it by the Council of Ministers and the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. The Analytical Center was organized by Dmitry I. Piskunov, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (RANS).
Formed as a result of the merger of the two institutions leading in their professional field, RIEPL is a unique research institute which accumulates their methodological, analytical and technological potential. Its creative basis is made by a team of professionals capable of conducting a wide range of polythematic scientific and applied research under the objectives of the federal executive authorities on the development of science, technology and innovation policy, as well as monitoring and evaluation of its implementation, including econometric, scientometric, financial, legal and organizational aspects.
Over time, the tasks assigned to RIEPL became more complicated, and its role and importance in the activities of the Ministry of science and higher education of the Russian Federation increased. Having preserved the scientific potential of previous organizations and the continuity of scientific schools, RIEPL is in the thick of implementing the priority tasks of the Strategy for the scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation and the national project "Science".
The mission of RIEPL is to provide scientific, methodological and analytical support to the activities of the Russian Ministry of science and higher education.
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